GENRE (PART 6)

Posting by Ade Tuty Anggriany | 1:30 PM

f. Hortatory Exposition (eksposisi hortatori)
1. Ciri Umum:
a. Tujuan Komunikatif Teks (Communicative Purpose):
To persuade the reader or listener that something should be/shouldn’t be the case (Untuk membujuk, meyakinkan atau mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar bahwa sesuatu seharusnya/tdk seharusnya demikian).
b. Struktur Teks (Generic Structure):
· Thesis: announcement of issue concern (pernyataan isu yang dipersoalkan)
· Arguments: reasons for concern, leading to recommendation (berupa alasan mengapa ada keprihatinan, dan mengarah ke rekomendasi).
· Recommendation: statement of what ought or ought not to happen (pernyataan tentang bagaimana seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya).
c. Ciri Kebahasaan (Linguistic Feature):
· Terfokus ke pembicara / penulis yang mengangkat isu.
Menggunakan:
· Abstract nouns, example policy, government, etc.
· Technical verbs, example species of animals, etc.
· Relating verbs, example should be, doesn’t seem to have been, etc.
· Action verbs, example we must act, etc.
· Thinking verbs, example I believe, etc.
· Modal verbs, example we must preserve, etc.
· Modal adverbs, example certainly, surely, etc.
· Connectives, example firstly, secondly, etc.
· Simple present tense
· Kalimat pasif
· Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, etc.
2. Contoh Teks
In all the discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn’t seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and in the country. While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads. Those who want to penalize older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don’t seem to appreciate that in the country there is no public transport to fall back upon and one’s own vehicle is the only way to get about. I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city.

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